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How was selected the Nobel Prize in Economics 2021

The Economic Sciences Prize Committee of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences screens the nominations and selects the final candidates for the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Prize Committee has five members, elected from among the members of the Academy. Each year, the Prize Committee sends out thousands of requests, asking professors from around the world to nominate worthy candidates for the Prize. Several hundred candidates are nominated each year. The Prize Committee screens the nominations, selects preliminary candidates, and sends these names to carefully selected experts for independent assessment. The first prize in economics was awarded in 1969 to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen for their development and application of dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes.

Royal Swedish Academy of Science 







Nobel economics prize rewards work on minimum wage

Stockholm, Oct. 12.– David Card, Joshua Angrist and Guido Imbens have been awarded this year's Nobel prize for economics for work that "challenged conventional wisdom".

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El Papa Francisco convoca al Sínodo 2021-2023 ‘Por una Iglesia sinodal’

Unos 1.300 millones de católicos están llamados a expresarse sobre el futuro de la Iglesia en un proceso que durará dos años en el mecanismo de consulta más grande jamás celebrado en la historia del catolicismo.

El Sínodo de los Obispos es una institución permanente y consultiva instituida por Pablo VI en el marco del Concilio Vaticano II, para que ayude al Papa a través de sus consejos sobre todo tipo de asuntos que afecten a la Iglesia universal. Desde 1965, se han celebrado 29 Asambleas del Sínodo de los Obispos. En ellas, obispos de todo el mundo, líderes y representantes de las Conferencias Episcopales y de las Iglesias latinas y de Oriente se reúnen, comparten experiencias y llegan a conclusiones que, posteriormente, el Papa plasma en un documento llamado exhortación apostólica postsinodal. No obstante, se han celebrado decenas de Sínodos desde la antigüedad, a partir del siglo III, aunque esta nueva modalidad más abarcadora y participativa ofrece la oportunidad a todos los creyentes de tomar parte en el proceso de reflexión.



Texto íntegro del Documento Preparatorio del Sínodo 2021-2023, para las consultas en la fase diocesana.

Texto íntegro del Vademécum para las consultas en la fase diocesana del Sínodo 2021-2023.


Vaticano, Oct. 11 (– En octubre de 2023, el Sínodo de los Obispos se reunirá en su XVI Asamblea General Ordinaria, para tratar el tema ‘Por una Iglesia sinodal: comunión, participación y misión’, a convocatoria del papa Francisco.

Papa FranciscoLa sinodalidad, el “caminar juntos” es un punto fundamental para Francisco, quien ha manifestado muchas veces la importancia de que el Obispo de Roma, los obispos, los pastores, los religiosos y el conjunto de los bautizados laicos avancen juntos y de la mano: “El camino de la sinodalidad es el camino que Dios espera de la Iglesia del tercer milenio. Lo que el Señor nos pide, en cierto sentido, ya está todo contenido en la palabra ‘Sínodo’: Caminar juntos –laicos, pastores y el Obispo de Roma–. (...) Estoy convencido de que, en una Iglesia sinodal, también el ejercicio del primado petrino podrá recibir mayor luz”.

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Liechtenstein - a place where peace and harmony reign

In the center of Europe and faced with two world wars and other European conflicts, this small country, run by a family of rancid nobility, has maintained its neutrality, its friendship with its border neighbors, and open borders that welcome with joy and kindness all those who visit this piece of fairy tale land.



Liechtenstein: Big Adventures in One of the World’s Smallest Nations

Vaduz, Sept.28.– (...)

Liechtenstein is a funny place. A micro-state sandwiched between Austria and Switzerland, skirted by the mighty Rhine River, its very existence includes a couple of interesting quirks. Covering little more than 60 square miles, just 15 miles from north to south, it’s the smallest country in the world to border two different countries. And one of just two to be doubly landlocked (meaning you need to cross two different countries to reach the sea). Vaduz Castle

In some ways, this German-speaking country feels like a medieval kingdom, and perhaps that’s not surprising. Liechtenstein is still ruled by a prince, and the castle he inhabits with his family rests on the flanks of a mountain visible to many of his subjects, who inhabit the spreading valley below, and who number fewer than 40,000 altogether.

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Is Lebanon a Democracy?

Lebanon is a parliamentary democratic republic within the overall framework of confessionalism, a form of consociationalism in which the highest offices are propor-tionately reserved for representatives from certain religious communities. Shia Muslims, Sunni Muslims, Christians and Druze are the main population groups in a country that has been a refuge for the region's minorities for centuries. With its high literacy rate and traditional mercantile culture, Lebanon has traditionally been an important commercial hub for the Middle East.


LEBANON: A road map to Participatory Democracy

Beirut, Sept. 8.– The past two weeks witnessed the beginning of two important actions that aim at ensuring transparency, access to information, and participatory democracy at the level of public communication within the legislative and executive authorities in Lebanon.

Last week, the General Secretariat of the Lebanese Parliament in partnership with Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD) launched the Parliament’s new website that includes updated features and new sections to ensure easier access to information.

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Ominous Global Surge in the number of Murders of Environmental Activists

The killings of environmental and land rights activists worldwide has tripled over the past decade. The death rate is now an average of more than four per week. Almost none of the killers have faced charges. Front Line Defenders has learned with great sadness and concern about the killing of land and environment defender Joanna Stutchbury, who died on Thursday, 15 July 2021. Initial reports indicate that the woman human right defender was fatally shot in the afternoon as she returned to her home on the outskirts of Nairobi, Kenya. In the global resource wars, “those people” appear as expendable shadow beings, weighing almost nothing in the grand scheme of things. We are witnessing an epidemic of environmental martyrdom, particularly in earth’s vital but embattled tropical forests.

Nature defenders murdered in record numbers, environmental rights group says

Nature Defenders killes

A record 227 people were killed worldwide in 2020 for their defense of nature -- more than four a week on average, and almost three-quarters of them in Latin America, environmental rights organization Global Witness said Sunday.

Sept. 13.– For the second year in a row, Colombia was the country with the highest number of killings -- 65 -- while Nicaragua had the highest per-capita rate, with 12 murders up from five in 2019, the group said in its annual report.

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